Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear (CBRN) devices and agents are becoming increasingly used throughout the world in warfare, terrorism, assassinations, and to exert global strategic and regional political influence. The gradual development and dissemination of a range of proliferant and dual-use technologies has resulted in worsening risks to the organizations and nations historically concerned with potential CBRN events but has increased the risk of CBRN events occurring either accidentally or deliberately across far wider areas of the world.
Coupled with ever increasing development and urbanization globally, and widespread dissemination of enabling technologies and knowledge, CBRN events are likely to occur more frequently in the future and impact more vulnerable populations and groups than would previously have occurred. CBRN exposure cannot now be seen as confined to the battlefield – CBRN exposures can now occur in the context of war, in humanitarian or relief contexts, and in unexpected locations and times during peace. CBRN agents possess special characteristics, contamination potential, and physiological and toxicological effects that significantly complicates medical planning, preparation, response, and recovery.
Additionally, CBRN agents are capable of causing severe short and long-term mass casualty events, with far-ranging implications both within the acute medical domain but also causing significant impacts in wider population health, chronic disease, demographic, economic, health systems and political domains. Given its complexities, CBRN casualty management is fundamental to but generally considered outside the scope of routine emergency and acute medical practice. It represents an ongoing and ever-evolving medical, health systems and public health challenge for clinicians to confront in an era where CBRN medicine is increasingly relevant, needed, and assuming prominence.
Mission: The proposed mission of the CBRN Special Interest Group is to foster collaboration among practitioners involved in research, education, management, and practice in prehospital, emergency, hospital and public health aspects of CBRN agents, including an emphasis on building evidence and best practice for general and casualty decontamination, mass casualty response, and the overall medical planning, preparedness and response to CBRN and related problems.
Purpose: The purposes of the CBRN SIG are to:
Goals: The goals of the CBRN SIG are to: