Improving global prehospital and emergency medicine, public health, and disaster health care and preparedness

Board of Directors

Kobi Peleg, PhD, MPH

Prof. Kobi Peleg is the Head of the National Center for Trauma and Emergency Medicine Research in the Gertner Institute, a full Professor, the Head (and founder) of the Disaster Medicine Management Department, and the Head of the Executive Master's Program for Emergency Disaster Management in the School of Public Health, Tel Aviv University. In this capacity, Prof. Peleg leads research and education activities in various fields of trauma, with special interest in mass casualty events, disasters and terror-related injury, and emergency medical services (EMS).

Prof. Peleg was the Head of the IDF military Medical Academy (col.). Prof. Peleg served as the Head of the Civil Defense - Medical Branch, in the 1st "Gulf War." He served in command positions in Israeli Field Hospital to the Armenian earthquake in 1988, the Rwandan civil war in 1995, the Haiti earthquake in 2010, and in the Philippines Typhoon in 2013. Prof. Peleg is one of the UNDAC experts and in this position served in the West Sumatra earthquake in 2009 and in Nepal earthquake in 2015 (in the WHO-EMT team). Prof. Peleg has served as a WHO consultant for national emergency systems, and lead mass casualty management courses for several organizations and governments such as the WHO, RAND Corporation, Italy, Vietnam, USA, and many more. Prof. Peleg has served as consultant for emergency and disasters preparedness for private companies, organizations, and ministries.

Prof. Peleg teaches disaster and MCI management, disaster medicine and EMS optimization along with additional related subjects at Tel Aviv University and at several other higher education institutions in Israel and abroad, including the European Master's in Disaster Medicine (EMDM). Prof. Peleg is a faculty member and visiting professor at several universities. He has published more than 160 articles and chapters in leading journals and books, and he is a well-known speaker in the area of MCI management in prominent conferences worldwide. He is a member of editorial boards of several journals, serves in the National MCI Committee, and is a mentor in the EMT-WHO. Prof. Peleg served as a Senior Assistant to the Israeli Minister of Health and as a Member of the Executive Board of Magen-David-Adom (Israeli EMS).

Eric Weinstein, MD, EMDM
Vice Chair/SecretaryUnited States

Dr. Eric S. Weinstein began his prehospital career as a 16-year old volunteer responder with the Rockaway Neck First Aid Squad in Lake Hiawatha, NJ. After a US Air Force sponsored Emergency Medicine Residency at NY Medical College-Metropolitan Hospital in Manhattan, he was stationed at Andrews Air Force Base teaching military and emergency medicine at USUHS (Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences). Upon separating from the USAF his family settled in South Carolina, where he joined the South Carolina-1 DMAT and became the Team Leader until 2002. In 1997, he earned the International Chief Emergency Physician from ITACCS in Mainz Germany and joined WADEM. From 2012-2015 he was the SC-1 US&R Medical Director. In 2016, he earned the European Master in Disaster Medicine from UPO in Novara, Italy with the thesis “Ethical treatment of the mangled extremity in a disaster: just-in-time education is not a curriculum."

He was part of the team that developed the Model Uniform Core Criteria for Mass Casualty Triage and the SALT Mass Casualty Triage Algorithm. Textbook work includes section editor and chapter author in Ciottone Disaster Medicine, Edition I and II, the Schwartz TEMS textbook, and the Amputation Chapter in the Wolfson Disaster Orthopedics Textbook. Over the last 24 years, he has been active within South Carolina Emergency Departments, hospitals, and local and state committees to advance Disaster Medicine. His community efforts focus on the rural setting with hazards ranging from hurricanes, tornadoes, floods, ice storms, man-made transportation and other disasters. Currently, he is working to adopt the WHO EMT Initiative in the US and plans to bring the assets of WADEM to professionalize Disaster and Humanitarian Response throughout the world. Dr. Weinstein hopes to globally implement WHO Classifications and Minimum Standards for Foreign Medical Teams (now Emergency Medical Teams) in Sudden Onset Disasters.

“WADEM has a unique opportunity through the individual members’ knowledge and influence, as well as the weight of our collective voice to contribute to the science and to advance the professionalism of disaster and humanitarian response."

Walid AdbouGalala, MBBS, EMDM, MSc, JBEM, MAcadME

Dr. AbouGalala is a Consultant in Emergency and Disaster Medicine at Hamad Medical Corporation in State of Qatar, being member of the first batch trained in Emergency Medicine in the Arab countries. He is a Board Certified in Emergency Medicine from Jordanian Medical Council (2007). Additionally, he has a Master's Degree in Disaster Medicine, from Novara University, Italy (2005) and Master's in Medical Education from Maastricht University, Netherlands (2010).

Currently, Dr. AbouGalala holds following positions in the state of Qatar: Consultant in Emergency Preparedness and Response, Ministry of Public Health; Coordinator of the National Health Committee for Disaster Management, Ministry of Public Health; Medical Technical Consultant for Major Incident Preparedness, Hamad Medical Corporation; and Consultant in Emergency Medicine, Emergency Medicine Department, Hamad Medical Corporation. One of his main responsibilities the development of the National Health Emergency Management Framework. He has helped develop several Emergency Plans for different sectors locally and regionally and established many training centers in Disaster Management, Resuscitation, and Trauma Management within the region.

Dr. AbouGalala also works as a Temporary Advisor to WHO-EMRO in Disaster Risk Reduction. He is the Founder and Member of the Scientific Committee, Arab Diploma in Disaster Management for Health Professionals and a Founding Member of the Arab Resuscitation Council. In addition, he is the Medical Director, Emergency Medical Service Program, College of North Atlantic Qatar. Dr AbouGalala is an Educator at European Resuscitation Council, Advanced Life Support (UK), and the American College of Surgeons.

Bruria Adini, PhD

Dr. Adini has a PhD in Management of Health Systems. She is involved in both field and academic activities in which she facilitates the research of challenges identified in preparing for and managing varied emergency situations and implementing the findings to promote effective management of emergencies and disasters. She is involved in planning and implementation processes aimed at ensuring effective responses to different hazards that pose risk, including in studying, teaching, and validating policies.

Since 1987, Dr. Adini has specialized in emergency preparedness and response of healthcare systems to mass casualty events and disasters. She served in the Medical Corps for 17 years, including four years as Head of the Emergency Hospitalization Branch, where she was responsible for the emergency preparedness of all general hospitals. For three years, Dr. Adini headed the Emergency Hospitalization Department in the Ministry of Health (MOH). Since 2000, she has served as a Senior Consultant to the MOH on emergency management.

Dr. Adini has directed various training courses on behalf of the MOH, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and the World Health Organization (WHO). These courses aimed to develop and enhance emergency management competencies among healthcare personnel. She is a faculty member of the Department of Disaster Management and Injury Prevention in the School of Public Health, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, at Tel Aviv University. She is a board member of Local Authorities Confronting Disasters and Emergencies (LACDE), as well as a member of the Israeli National Council for Trauma and Surgery.

Dr. Adini researches various aspects of emergency preparedness and response, including advanced methods of evaluating capacities and utilization of social media in emergencies.

Stella Anyangwe, MD, PhD
South Africa

Stella Anyangwe, MD, PhD is a medical doctor and a global health expert. She served the United Nations World Health Organization (WHO) for 17 years as Country Representative in Seychelles, Mali, Zambia, and South Africa, and as African Regional Programme Coordinator for Disaster Risk Management. She retired from the UN in 2013.

Prof. Anyangwe is presently Honorary Professor of Epidemiology at the School of Health Systems and Public Health of the University Of Pretoria, South Africa. She is also a member of the Health Programme Committee of Amref Africa and Board member for Africa for the World Association of Disaster and Emergency Medicine. Prof. Anyangwe is from Cameroon, West Central Africa.

Odeda Benin-Goren, PhD, RN, CEN
Dr. Benin-Goren is the Academic Coordinator of the International Emergency Management Course Ben-Gurion University in Israel. She works as an Emergency Preparedness Consultant in the Department for International Cooperation in the Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs. In this role, Dr. Benin-Goren is involved in the development of Emergency Medicine and Trauma and trains medical and nursing staff worldwide. Since 2008, she has been a United Nations Disaster and Assessment Coordination (UNDAC) expert, in the Office for Coordination of Humanitarian Affair (OCHA), United Nations. In this capacity, she takes part in UNDAC-OCHA activities when disasters strike.
Rowena Christiansen, BA Hons, LLB, Grad Dip Ed, MBA, MBBS, ACCAM, DCH, MEH

Dr. Rowena Christiansen is a medical educator in the Melbourne Medical School and Medical Officer at Ormond College, both part of the University of Melbourne, and also works in the prehospital arena as an emergency doctor. Her medical experience includes Registrar positions in Anesthetics, Rural and Remote/Emergency Medicine, and Neonatal/Pediatrics (and some O&G training). She has undertaken post-graduate qualifications in Civil Aviation Medicine, Child Health and Emergency Health (majoring in Disaster Health and Emergency Management) and Space Studies. Rowena enjoys sharing her knowledge as a BLS, ALS, and PALS instructor. She has special interests in disaster management, prehospital and wilderness medicine, extreme environments, and aerospace medicine.

Dr. Christiansen is currently the Chair of the Australian Ski Patrol Association Medical Advisory Committee, the RACGP representative on the Australian Resuscitation Council and ANZCOR, and an independent member of the Ambulance Victoria Quality Committee. She is a member of the WADEM Oceania chapter and Disaster Metrics, EMR and Mass Gatherings sections. Dr. Christiansen is currently undertaking research related to expeditionary medicine and resuscitation science. In addition to her medical career, she also has a wealth of experience as a lawyer, management consultant, and small business owner/operator.

Leonard Cole, PhD, DDS
United States

Dr. Leonard A. Cole is an expert on bioterrorism and terror medicine. He is an Adjunct Professor at Rutgers New Jersey Medical School (Emergency Medicine) and at Rutgers University-Newark (Political Science). At the Medical School he is Director of the Program on Terror Medicine and Security. He is on the Advisory Board of the International Institute for Counter-Terrorism, a trustee of the Washington Institute for Near East Policy, and a former board member of the Columbia University Graduate School of Arts and Sciences Alumni Association.

His numerous publications include articles for professional journals as well as the New York Times, Washington Post, and Scientific American. His ten books include The Anthrax Letters (National Academies Press/Skyhorse, 2009), named an HONOR BOOK by the NJ Council for the Humanities. He is also co-author of Local Planning for Terror and Disaster: From Bioterrorism to Earthquakes (Wiley, 2012). A member of the Aspen Institute’s WMD Working Group on Homeland Security, he is co-author/editor of WMD Terrorism (an Aspen Institute Report, 2012).

Joe Cuthbertson, MPH, MSc, MEH

Joe is a Paramedic in Perth, Western Australia (WA) and is currently working in clinical quality and safety for a regional health authority. He has worked in the prehospital field for the last 15 years in clinical, aeromedical retrieval, disaster health management, and governance roles. He has a strong belief in public health and believes that disaster health practice can be enhanced through the application of public health principles and practice.

Joe is the previous chair of the WADEM Emergency Medical Response section, and is undertaking a PhD examining Disaster Health practice at Monash University Disaster Resilience Initiative, a research unit of the Monash University Accident Research Centre and designated WHO Collaborating Centre for Violence, Injuries, and Disabilities. Joe supports the further development of WADEM to advocate and promote the improvement of disaster and emergency health practice.

Elaine Daily, RN
United States

Elaine Daily is a former cardiac critical care nurse who currently works as a consultant and educator in critical care and disaster health care. She has authored several books on hemodynamic monitoring and cardiovascular procedures. She also is the co-author of the textbook, International Disaster Nursing.

Ms. Daily was one of the founding members of the WADEM Nursing Section and served as its first chairperson, leading the section in the development of its current bylaws and strategic planning. She is a Fellow of the Society of Critical Care Medicine and the American Heart Association.

Graham Dodd, MD, MSc

Graham Dodd is a practicing physician and clinical instructor in both the Departments of Family Medicine and Emergency Medicine at the University of British Columbia. His interest in disaster medicine and emergency management began in 1998 after helping to direct a rural hospital evacuation from wildfire while practicing in Salmon Arm, BC. That experience eventually led to the 2010 completion of a Masters degree in Disaster and Emergency Management (DEM) from Victoria, British Columbia’s Royal Roads University (RRU). As the first physician enrolled in that program, Dr. Dodd's interest quickly became the better education and engagement of physicians in DEM, an area that continues to be of relative scarcity in Canada.

He continues to have particular interests in physician and health practitioner disaster education, better engagement of those providers in DEM, hospital and community health emergency planning, mass casualty management and disaster triage. Dr. Dodd has recently assisted several groups of community physicians in BC to develop plans and processes to augment their local hospital emergency response and thereby increase their communities’ overall disaster resiliency. He is currently practices as an urgent care and family physician in Kamloops, as well as a health emergency management consultant.

Robyn Gershon, MT, MHS, DrPH
United States

Robyn Gershon is a Professor, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics and Philip R. Lee Institute for Health Policy Studies at the School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco. She has a joint appointment at University of California, Berkeley, where she currently teaches two disaster courses, one on Public Health Disaster Preparedness and Response and the other on Global Disasters. She is currently developing a third course on Hospital Disaster Preparedness. She received her doctoral training from Johns Hopkins University, School of Public Health, where she was on faculty for several years. Prior to her doctoral studies, she served as the Director of the Department of Biological Safety at Yale University. Dr. Gershon is a Professor Emerita from Columbia University, the Mailman School of Public Health, having spent more than a decade there as a research faculty member.

Dr. Gershon is an occupational and environmental heath interdisciplinary research scientist, with a focus on public health disasters. She has conducted more than one dozen large scale disaster studies in the past decade. Her work has focused on barriers and facilitators to disaster preparedness– especially with respect to vulnerable populations and essential workers- including the health care and public health workforce. Dr. Gershon’s research is designed to inform policy and practice, as exemplified by her landmark “World Trade Center Evacuation Study,” which helped lead to the first changes in the New York City high rise fire safety codes in more than 30 years. Her most recent study, “Mass Fatality Preparedness in the US,” is the first national study on the operational capabilities and readiness for the management of mass fatalities within the US. Dr. Gershon has published more than 100 peer review articles on her research.

Tatsuro Kai, MD

Dr. Kai graduated from Hyogo Medical University in 1979. After intern program in Hyogo Medical University, he started to learn about emergency medicine. After getting a Certification of Specialist in Emergency Medicine, he worked at Department of Surgery in several hospitals. He also worked at an ICRC surgical hospital for Afghan war victims in Peshawar in 1990. After this experience, he became interested in disaster medicine. He later studied the disaster medicine at International Resuscitation Research Center (Safar Center) at the University of Pittsburgh as Research Fellow under Professor Peter Safar, 1992-1993.

Dr. Kai has been involved in emergency medical assistance as member of Japan Medical Relief Medical Team (JDR/JMTDR) and was deployed to the Marmara Earthquake (1999), Sumatra Tsunami Disaster (2004), and Pakistan Earthquake (2005). He also is a founding member of Japanese NGO, Humanitarian Medical Assist (HuMA), which has deployed medical assistance teams to many multiple events - Iraq war (2002), Typhoons Bopha and Hayan (2010, 2013) in Philippines, and Nepal earthquake (2016).

After the great Hanshin-Awaji (Kobe) Earthquake (1995), Dr. Kai became involved in establishment of a new disaster medical strategy under the Ministry of Health and built up the Japan Disaster Medical Assistant Team (J-DMAT), as well a long distance air transportation system for severe trauma victims in a disaster setting. He was also appointed as Senior Researcher at the Disaster Reduction and Human Renovation Institute in Hyogo Prefecture and as a Visiting Professor in Kansai University Department of Social Security.

Dr. Kai has been engaged in education for emergency and disaster medicine for medical personnel in developing countries as a Chairman of the Steering Committee for JICA's (Japan International Cooperation Agency) Seminar on Disaster and Emergency Medicine. As of 2014, more than 200 medical personnel from 54 countries have participated in the seminar course.

Recently, he has worked as the Chairman of Advisory Committee for JICA project for strengthening ASEAN Regional Capacity on Disaster Health Management. Through this project, he began implementing regional drills, the Standard Operation Procedures (SOPs), and an education program for emergency assistance between the ASEAN states.

Zhongmin Liu, MD, PhD

Prof. Zhongmin Liu graduated from Nanjing Medical School in 1986 with the Master’s Degree of Cardiothoracic Surgery. In 1992, he received his PhD at Shanghai Second Medical University. Since then, he has trained and practiced as a cardiothoracic surgeon. Later, he worked as the President of Shanghai East Hospital, and the Chief Surgeon of the Trauma & Emergency Department and the Cardiothoracic Surgery Department.

Prof. Liu has been devoted to disaster and emergency medicine. In 2006, he founded the Trauma Research Institute of Tongji University and worked as one of the pioneers of the modern emergency and disaster medicine in China. He led a medical relief team in Sichuan Earthquake in 2008. The lessons and experiences from the Sichuan Earthquake rescue raised the urgency of building a comprehensive disaster medicine system in China. In his effort, the first Disaster Medicine Department in China was established in Tongji University in 2008. Chinese Society of Disaster Medicine was founded in 2011 under the efforts of Dr. Liu, which indicates the qualitative development of disaster medicine in China. The society organizes academic activities, provides trainings for the public and the professionals, makes specific guidelines to improve the practice, edits and publishes the disaster medicine textbooks for higher education, and advises the government in policy and decision-making.

As a result of Prof. Liu’s efforts, the very first “ Safe Community” in Shanghai was designed and built. A relief material warehouse was built inside this community and the residents in the Safe Community undergo the training for the disasters and emergency response regularly. This mode will be promoted citywide and the whole country gradually. A complex for contingency reserve supplies and training center for disaster medicine is under construction at the moment.

During 2010 China Shanghai World Expo, Professor Liu set up the emergency medical rescue team, and it was soon upgraded to a representative of China's health emergency medical rescue teams, which became China's important Disaster Emergency medical rescue force. The team has been carrying out its missions brilliantly in the regional and national disaster medical rescues and as the medical backup for local events including: the medical backup for Shanghai World Expo 2010, the medical backup for Shanghai International Marathon, the medical rescue for the terrorist attack in Kunming and Urumchi, the medical rescue for the Kunshan Explosion.

In 2015, as the commander of Chinese health emergency medical rescue team, Professor Zhongmin Liu led the team to Russia to participate in the Sino-Russian joint drill on earthquake disaster health emergency. In 2016, the team became the first International Emergency Medical Team in the world which certified by the World Health Organization (WHO), and will be ready to accept the WHO's disposal in the future, to participate in international medical rescue mission.

Virginia Murray, FFPH, FRCP, FRCPath, FFOM
United Kingdom

Professor Virginia Murray was appointed as Consultant in Global Disaster Risk Reduction for Public Health England in April 2014. This appointment is to take forward her work as Vice-Chair of the UN International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR) Scientific and Technical Advisory Group. She is also a member of the International Council of Science Unions’ Scientific Committee for the Integrated Research on Disaster Risk programme and is also the co-chair of the IRDR’s Disaster Loss Data (DATA) project. Prior to this, she was Head of Extreme Events and Health Protection, Public Health England where she developed evidence-based information and advice on flooding, heat, cold, volcanic ash, and other extreme weather and natural hazards events. Previously, she provided evidence-based preparedness, response, and recovery advice on acute and chronic air, water, land, and product-related chemical incidents.

Appointed as Visiting Professor in Health Protection, MRC-HPA Centre for Environment and Health, Imperial College and King’s College, London (2004) and Honorary Professor at University College London (2013), she has published widely. In 2015, she was honored by being given the WADEM Award for Global Leadership in Emergency Public Health.

Dr. Elizabeth Oduwole

Dr. Elizabeth Olanike Oduwole is a Permanent Secretary in the Lagos State Public Service in Nigeria. She is a Consultant Anaesthetist and has been widely exposed both locally and internationally to several courses in Trauma and Emergency Medicine.

Dr. Oduwole was head of the Lagos State Emergency Medical Service Lagos (Ikeja) for two years before moving over to another hospital as the Medical Director/Chief Executive Officer. She is well inclined to both Administrative and Clinical Medicine. As a Volunteer Commonwealth Medical Expert to the Pakistani Earthquake Disaster in 2005, she served selflessly there. Dr. Oduwole team player who is always committed to any assignment given to her.

Dr. Oduwole is the recipient of several grants and awards these including the International Federation of Colleges of Surgeons (IFCS) / WHO grant to attend the IFCS Summit in USA in 2002, the Best Managed Public Hospital in Lagos State Award in 2013, and “The Commonwealth” Award for Outstanding Contribution to Health and Well-Being in March 2017. She is happily married with children.

Demetrios G. Pyrros, MD, EMDM

Dr. Pyrros is the Director of Medical Services of the National Centre of Emergency Care (EKAB) in Greece and President of the European Emergency Number Association (EENA) based in Brussels, Belgium. He has served as  President (2009 -2011) of the World Association of Disaster and Emergency Medicine (WADEM) and as a co-founder of the Greek Chapter of Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF-GR) in 1990, and its Vice President until 2001.

Dr. Pyrros holds a European Master in Disaster Medicine (EMDM) and was the Deputy Chief Medical Officer for the Athens 2004 Olympic Games. He has participated in several humanitarian missions with United Nations and EKAB (Armenia 1989, Afghanistan 1990, Liberia 1991, 1993, and 1996, Iraq 1997, P.R. Korea 1998, Turkey 1999, and Cyprus 2000) and has been repeatedly honored by several governments and organizations for his medical interventions during disasters.

Erin Smith, PhD, MPH

Dr. Erin Smith has extensive experience teaching and researching within the multidisciplinary fields of prehospital and disaster health. Dr Smith’s PhD research conducted through the Faculty of Medicine at Monash University explored paramedic perception of risk and willingness to work during disasters. This research involved conducting interviews and focus groups with nearly 100 paramedics in Australia, New York, and London.

Most recently, Dr. Smith has completed a fifteen-year follow up of medics who responded to the 9/11 terrorist attacks in New York. This research involved interviewing 54 medics at five-year milestones following the attacks exploring the long-term physical and psychosocial health impacts on the medics. Dr. Smith is widely published in both the prehospital and disaster health literature and has presented her research at many national and international conferences where she has been an invited presenter and a best-presentation award winner.

Vivienne Tippett, PhD, MPH

Professor Vivienne Tippett has more than 25 years experience in health services as a clinician, researcher and consultant. She is a Professor of Clinical Science and Director of Research at Queensland University of Technology (QUT). Her research interests lie in prehospital trauma management and emergency health systems development, clinical care and performance indicators for the prehospital sector, disaster and mass casualty response and emergency communications.

She is a past Director of the Australian Centre for Prehospital Research (QLD Ambulance Service) and received a Distinguished Services Medal from the service in 2011. She is currently a CRC Lead Researcher on the Bushfire and Natural Hazards CRC and a member of the Executive Board of the Centre for Disaster and Emergency Management at QUT. In 2013, Professor Tippett was identified as one of 125 Leading Women in Queensland by the YWCA.

Michel Yao, MD
Côte d'Ivoire/Canada

Dr. Yao is a native of Côte d'Ivoire and a Canadian citizen. He graduated as a medical doctor with a specialization in disaster medicine from the joint program of the University of Abidjan (Côte d’Ivoire) and Paris-V (France). In 2001, he obtained a Master's Degree in Community Health from the University of Montreal where he was a PhD candidate in Health Services Management. He is passionate about the humanitarian work that he has done most of his career and in health services organization.

From 1995 to 1999, he worked with the Red Cross Movement as a medical emergency team leader, then Coordinator of the healthcare program for refugees in Côte d’Ivoire, and finally as a consultant for the International Federation of the Red Cross and the Red Crescent for the assessment of national Red Cross societies in West Africa in 1999. From 2001-2004, he worked as a Research and Teaching Assistant at the University of Montreal in charge of health program evaluation.

He began at the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2004, initially as Emergency and Humanitarian Sub regional focal point for Central and East Africa based in Nairobi, later for the Southern and East African region based in Zimbabwe, and then for West Africa based in Burkina Faso until 2010.

From 2010 to 2014, he joined WHO Headquarters in Geneva as senior public health advisor in charge of support for emergency situations management to WHO Country Offices. He was involved in major emergencies in Haiti, Pakistan, and the Philippines. In these emergencies, he advised on the situational assessment and the development of response and rehabilitation strategies. He set up the WHO surge training of experts to be deployed in public health emergencies in 2012.

Since 2014, he is putting his wide public health experience in humanitarian settings at the service of the Central African Republic WHO office as Head of the Country Office. He was awarded the highest distinction of the country in May 2016 for his contributions to the response to the crisis and for the rehabilitation of the health system in the Central African Republic.